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Severnaya Dolina - 'Parnas', St. Petersburg

Severnaya Dolina
Severnaya Dolina

It is a greenfield housing development. However, a "green-field" can hardly be found there: the residential area was not planned with an accent on the natural component. Nature manifests itself in the places that developers have left "empty".

Severnaya Dolina
Severnaya Dolina

According to the development project of the residential complex, a lovely park is to be located here. The residents have been settling down since 2010, but the park still exists in the documents and plans only. The plans are manifested by this blue fence around the area with restricted access. Some people ignore the blue fence in search of places for leisure.

Severnaya Dolina
Severnaya Dolina

The real public space is not an outside area but the entrances of housing buildings. These are the spaces where discussion on living together and collective decision-making take place. Apartment owners are depicted while participating in an assembly.

Severnaya Dolina
Severnaya Dolina

It is a greenfield housing development. However, a "green-field" can hardly be found there: the residential area was not planned with an accent on the natural component. Nature manifests itself in the places that developers have left "empty".

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​Numbers:

  • the biggest "Integrated urban development" in Russia (2009)

  • date of construction: 2009-2020 

  • area: 270 ha

  • 30 000 apartments are built 

  • app. 70 000 residents 

  • buildings are of 29 storeys

  • 8 - 16 apartments per a storey

  • 700-3 500 apartments

  • app. 9 000 people living in 1 building

  • one-room apartments: 60%

  • average square of an apartment: 49,6 sq.m.

'Severnaya Dolina' is an emerging greenfield project and the post-socialist large housing estate in the north of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Now it is one of the biggest so-called Integrated urban development (IUD) projects in Russia. The single commercial constructing company develops the land plot of 270 ha providing housing as well as social and transport infrastructure for the residents. 

By the end of the construction, it will be home for around 100 000 people. 'Severnaya Dolina' is characterized by the high level of social-economic homogeneity.

The quality of constructions is not high, the planned social infrastructure is not provided in time, the service sector and transport connection to are underdeveloped, and the public spaces are poorly-planned.

Moreover, considering the scale of the estate and the current legislation concerning self-governance, the residents' participation in the management process is challenged. These problems are common for the other large housing estates mushrooming in the city periphery.